Can Banks Collect Debts During “MARTIAL LAW”?

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Может ли банк подать в суд во время военного положения?

Since February 24, 2022, the regime of “MARTIAL LAW” has been introduced in Ukraine in accordance with the Law of Ukraine “On the Legal Regime of Martial Law”.

Despite the introduction of MARTIAL LAW in Ukraine, banks are collecting debts from borrowers under credit agreements through judicial procedures.

The debt includes the principal amount of the loan, interest on the use of the loan, fines, penalties, and service fees for the loan, as well as other payments.

It should be noted that according to paragraph 18 of the section “Final and Transitional Provisions” of the Civil Code of Ukraine, during the period of martial law, a state of emergency in Ukraine, and within thirty days after its termination or cancellation, in case of the borrower’s delay in fulfilling the monetary obligation under the agreement, according to which the borrower was provided with a loan by the bank or other lender, the borrower is exempt from the liability defined by Article 625 of the Civil Code of Ukraine, as well as from the obligation to pay penalties (fines, penalties) for such delay to the lender. Penalties (fines, penalties) and other payments provided for by the relevant agreements accrued from February 24, 2022, for the delay in performance (non-performance, partial performance) under such agreements, must be written off by the lender.

Considering the judicial practice in dealing with this category of cases, “other payments” subject to write-off by the bank include the service fees for the loan.

Also, according to paragraph 19 of the section “Final and Transitional Provisions” of the Civil Code of Ukraine, during the period of martial law in Ukraine, introduced by the Decree of the President of Ukraine “On the Introduction of Martial Law in Ukraine” dated February 24, 2022, No. 64/2022, approved by the Law of Ukraine “On Approval of the Decree of the President of Ukraine ‘On the Introduction of Martial Law in Ukraine’” dated February 24, 2022, No. 2102-IX, the statute of limitations determined by this Code is suspended for the duration of such state.

Thus, banks can at any time apply to the court for debt collection by filing a petition to the court to renew the statute of limitations.

Therefore, as judicial practice shows, despite MARTIAL LAW, banks have the right to collect from the debtor (borrower, creditor) only the amount of the debt and interest for using the loan for the entire term of the agreement up to the date of filing the lawsuit.

For more detailed consultation and/or protection of your interests during debt collection by the bank under the credit agreement, you can contact the lawyers of the Law Firm “First Legal” by filling out the application form on our website or simply by calling us at: +38 (044) 35-35-164, +38 (067) 306-89-89, +38 (063) 45-85-448, +38 (099) 367-89-89.


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